Resources

General Privacy:

Nuts and Bolts of Encryption: A Primer for Policymakers

A very good introduction to encryption.

Tips for maintaining privacy online
Although written for developers there is good information here.

Going Dark
Online privacy and anonymity for normal people

Diceware Passphrase
The new standard in strong, easy to remember passphrases

Messaging:

Messaging Scorecard

VPN:

What ISPs Can See

That One Privacy Guy
A comprehensive overview of VPN providers.

What to look for when chosing a VPN

VPN review site

One-Time Pad

Comprehensive Guide on the One-Time Pad